Ejagham Qua cluster is in Cross River State in Nigeria; spanning through four Local Government Areas – Akapbuyo, Bakasi, Calabar Municipality and Odukpani Local Government Areas.

Ejagham Qua, was founded by Prince Ikang Eta and his father Ndidem Eta Nyak Ntison. The Quas were the first to settle in Calabar as early as 1000 BCE and they brought to Calabar, the Ejagham Traditional Practices and Cultural Expressions which had spread to other neighbouring civilizations.

The Qua people are the Southern-most section of the Ejagham people that had expanded from the Mamfe district of the Cameroons through Ikom area of the upper Cross River and then southward to their present location, between the Calabar and Great Qua Rivers.

Calabar has grown to become an Ejagham cosmopolitan city, similar to Eyumojock in Ejagham Cameroon. Ejagham Qua occupy the Calabar Municipality. Calabar is currently cohabited by Ejagham Qua, Efut and the Efiks. The city of Calabar is situated on latitude 4o 57’ North and longitude 8o 18’ East.

Key landmarks in Calabar Municipality include but are not limited to;

The Nigerian Army Akim and Ebrutu Barracks, the Timbre Market, the Government Reservation Area along Marian Road, the Otop Abasi Police Barrack, the Calabar Zoo and Park, the Cross River State Newspaper Corporation, the Specialist Hospital site, the University of Calabar, Hope Waddell Training Institution (HWTI), St. Patricks Collage (SPC), the Calabar Airport, the Calabar Stadium, Transcorp Hotel Calabar, Cultural Center, Spar Calabar,  the Central Bank Calabar, Ika Ika Oqua Market, Cross River State House of Assembly, Old Residency Calabar, the Cross River State Government House and the State House to mention but a few.  


Old Residency Calabar 

Ejagham Qua tradition rulers’ council is structured as The Qua Clans Constituted Assembly (QCCA). QCCA is the apex ruling body of all Ejagham Qua clans in Calabar Municipality and environs which has the Ndidem as the President. Therefore, a coronated Ntoe of any Qua clan can be both the Ntoe of the clan and the ‘Ndidem of Ejagham Qua Nation’ as gazetted and recognised by the Cross River State government. Currently, the Ndidem of Quas who is also the Ndidem of Calabar is HRM Ndidem Etetta Eta, the Paramount Ruler of Calabar Municipality and the Grand Patriarch of Ejagham Nation.

The Qua people were and still are very good traditional musicians and dancers and they communicate through music and dances among themselves. This made some “Abo Ekan” – age grade system, specialised in traditional song and dances. These traditional dances vary in functions, costumes and participation. They may function to entertain, advertise, purify, correct social ills and deter moral decadence. Below is a compendium of some Ejagham Cultural Expressions which was practiced by the Quas. before imitation by their neighbours. Some traditional dances are now extinct but till date, some are still being practiced by both the Ejagham Qua in Calabar and environs. They are;

Mgbe, Ekpa, Akparankpa, Angbo/Agbot Akata, Ase Mmi, Ayo, Besen (Wrestling), Eban, Efen, Ekonbi, Eta Mbe Mbe, Ikadim, Ikpo, Moninkim, Nkem, Nsibidi, Nyangere, Ohm, Okom Mjom, Okpo, Otoe, Ukwa etc.


Ejagham Qua Women in Ukwa Display in 2019

The Ukwa is a ceremonial war dance which had its origin first linked up with Totem pole (Ete Ukwa) that religiously served as a medium to the universal deity that protects the Akpa during war periods. It is worth noting that the prelude to Ukwa songs is the Ejagham Qua phrases:

Ke – sak! Ke – sak!! Ke – sak!!! Nsibdi koi? Koi! – (2 times)                     

Omenghe ngha ayama nku; omene ngha ayama mbe.                         

Omenghe ngha ayama mbe; omenghe ngha ayama nku. 

The Ejagham man or woman is primarily a ‘Forest People’. Due to inhabiting in the forest, the Ejagham man or woman is a farmer and the men with the additional hunting skills. Apart from farming and hunting skills, they are bestowed with the wisdom of the forest and function of the herbs. Apart from these, Ejagham Qua were skilled in iron smiting, having been credited with mastering of manufacturing domestic utensils and other tools like machetes, knives, hoes, native swords, spears and the making of terra cotta objects. They were also iron smiths and experts in arts and crafts which metamorphosed the state into the Tourism hub of Nigeria.

Ete Ukwa In Big Qua Town Playground

Rev. Hope Waddell, (the Scottish missionary who HWTI was named after) in “Twenty-Nine years in the West Indies and Central Africa records that the Great Qua River is called after the Qua settlements in the location and it is between the Calabar and Great Qua Rivers” (p xv). These rivers were the natural resources that attracted the colonial missionaries to Calabar and still remain the mainstay of Cross River State commercial resource.

By Prince Dr. Kadimo Oqua

Towns and Villages in Ejagham Qua Cluster




Local Government Area



1 Abone Asen

Calabar Municipality

2 Ete Nnim (Edim Otop)
3 Mba Eta E Agbo
4 Mekenge
5 Okot Oba
6 Etem Akim
7 Atere
8 Odoso Atu


Akim Akim



Akpang (Odukpani)






Atim Asam




1 Esin Ifioghe

Calabar Municipality

2 Nkamanfa (Nsosoro)
3 Oseera Ediba
4 Oso Ediba
5 Obame Ekoea


Enang Ahe

1 Etab Aneta

Calabar Municipality

2 Etab Ohen
3 Etab Inok Nikae
4 Odoso Otu Ekom
5 Odoso Esebe
6 Etab Iso Odo
7 Etab Omin Iso


Etangbini (Etakpini)









Ikapi Omin

1 Asabe

Calabar Municipality

2 Osera Nkoeam (Idak Ukpa)
3 Okon Mban
4 Enima Omin Omin
5 Asabe
6 Ebona Njok-Edim
7 Idoro Ando
8 Adai
9 Eyaha Nse
10 Esikama-Mfuk
11 Akama Nsa


Ikpai Ohom

1 Asari Eso

Calabar Municipality

2 Etab Asi Ekpe
3 Okon Inok
4 Mba Odoso
5 Inyang Effiom


Imona Mfam Akim



Kasuk Qua 1

1 Esam Asi

Calabar Municipality

2 Etab Efiom Ngondo
3 Etab Ayi Ito
4 Etab Efa Etim
5 Ikot Efiong Nta
6 Etab Iban Amanso
7 Etab Ntiero Effiom
8 Akai Efa
9 Ndoboti Kasuk
10 Moningom Kasuk
11 Etab Effiong Effiom
12 Etab Okon Effiom
13 Etab Edet Effiom
14 Etab Eyo
15 Etab Nsisuk
16 Etab Uduak
17 Idundu Kasuk
18 Ikot Ika Edem


Kasuk Qua 2

1 Etab Agbo Iso

Calabar Municipality

2 Etab Ansa Agbor
3 Etab Mkpanam
4 Ebara Nnika
5 Etab Iso Eta
6 Etab Ayip Kasuk
7 Etab Edem Edet
8 Ibuot Obot
9 Ikot Anwatim


Mbakoko (Bakoko)

1 Nasarawa

Calabar Municipality

2 Awakada No. 1
3 Awakada No. 2
4 Ibeko Omin Omin
5 Aso Adini
6 Mba Etai
7 Eko Odoso
8 Mba Amakha
9 Besai
10 Ebara Ayip


Mboghemgbo (Big Qua)

1 Atekong

Calabar Municipality  and Calabar South

2 Sabongari
3 Etab Etim Edem
4 Ibom
5 Otop Otop I
6 Kim Kim



1 Etab Ekpo

Calabar Municipality

2 Otop Otop
3 Okoroba
4 Njagasang
5 Etab Agbo Ntoe
6 Etab Oqua Agbo



1 Otop Otop II

Calabar Municipality

2 Itankan
3 Omonoko
4 Egbe Mfan Oyen
5 Etimusang
6 Njomidibi
7 Okang Ekpo

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